4210 Policy – Regulation of Dangerous Weapons on School Premises

Unless specifically authorized by this policy, it is a violation of Bellingham Public Schools policy for any person to carry a firearm or dangerous weapon on district property or school-provided transportation. This prohibition applies to any facility owned, rented, or leased by the district. If the district leases or rents part of a property for district use, firearms and dangerous weapons are prohibited on any portion of the premises where the district has the right of exclusive use.

Carrying a dangerous weapon onto school premises, school-provided transportation, or areas of other facilities being used exclusively for school activities in violation of RCW 9.41.280 is also a criminal offense. It is the policy of this district that the presence of firearms and other dangerous weapons in the workplace or educational environment is to be minimized as much as possible. As such, the following activities are prohibited by this policy regardless of whether such possession would violate state law, and regardless of whether the weapon is secured in a vehicle or possessed by a person with a concealed weapons permit:

  1. No district employee may bring any firearm or dangerous weapon onto any district property without prior authorization of the superintendent.
  2. No person or entity renting, leasing, or otherwise being granted the right to temporary use of district-owned property may possess, or allow its guests to possess, firearms or dangerous weapons on district-owned property.

The superintendent is directed to ensure that all school facilities post “Gun-Free Zone” signs, and that all violations of this policy and RCW 9.41.280 are reported annually to the superintendent of public instruction.

 

Dangerous Weapons

The term “dangerous weapons” under state law includes:

  • Any firearm;
  • Any device commonly known as “nunchaku sticks,” consisting of two or more length of wood, metal, plastic, or similar substance connected with wire, rope, or other means;
  • Any device, commonly known as “throwing stars,” which are multi-pointed, metal objects designed to embed upon impact from any aspect;
  • Any air gun, including any air pistol or air rifle, designed to propel a BB, pellet, or other projectile by the discharge of compressed air, carbon dioxide, or other gas;
  • Any portable device manufactured to function as a weapon and which is commonly known as a stun gun, including a projectile stun gun which projects wired probes that are attached to the device that emit an electrical charge designed to administer to a person or an animal an electric shock, charge, or impulse;
  • Any device, object, or instrument that is used or intended to be used as a weapon with the intent to injure a person by an electric shock, charge, or impulse;
  • The following instruments:
    • Any dirk or dagger;
    • Any knife with a blade longer than three inches;
    • Any knife with a blade that is automatically released by a spring mechanism or other mechanical device;
    • Any knife having a blade that opens, or falls, or is ejected into position by the force of gravity, or by outward, downward, or centrifugal thrust or movement; and
    • Any razor with an unguarded blade;
  • Any slung shot, sandbag, or sandclub;
  • Metal knuckles;
  • A sling shot;
  • Any metal pipe or bar used or intended to be used as a club;
  • Any explosive;
  • Any weapon containing poisonous or injurious gas;
  • Any implement or instrument that has the capacity to inflict death and from the manner in which it is used, is likely to produce or may easily and readily produce death.

In addition, the district considers the following weapons in violation of this policy:

  • Any knife or razor not listed above, except for instruments authorized or provided for specific school activities;
  • Any object other than those listed above that is used in a manner to intimidate, threaten, or injure another person and is capable of easily and readily producing such injury.

 

Reporting Dangerous Weapons

Students

If the district believes that a student has violated this policy, an appropriate school authority will promptly notify the student’s parents or guardians and the appropriate law enforcement agency of known or suspected violations of this policy.

Students who have possessed a firearm on any school premises, school-provided transportation, or school-sponsored activities at any facility shall be expelled for not less than one year pursuant to RCW 28A.600.420. The superintendent may modify the one-year expulsion for a firearm on a case-by-case basis. Further, the district may also suspend or expel a student for up to one year if the student acts with malice (as defined under RCW 9A.04.110) and displays a device that appears to be a firearm.

 

Staff

If a district employee believes that another district employee has violated this policy, the employee will report his or her concerns to an appropriate school or district authority for further inquiry.

 

Exceptions

The following persons may carry firearms into school buildings, as necessary, although students engaged in these activities are restricted to the possession of rifles on school premises:

A.. Persons engaged in district-authorized military, law enforcement or district resource officer activities.

B. Persons involved in a district-authorized convention, showing, demonstration, lecture or firearm safety course.

C. Persons competing in district-authorized firearm or air gun competitions; and

D. Any federal, state or local law enforcement officer.

 

The following persons who are over eighteen years of age, not employed by the district, not renting or leasing district facilities, and not enrolled as students, may possess firearms outside of school buildings on school property under only the following limited circumstances:

 

A. Persons with concealed weapons permits issued pursuant to RCW 9.41.070 who are picking up or dropping off students; and

B. Persons conducting legitimate business at the school and in lawful possession of a firearm or dangerous weapon if the weapon is secured within an attended vehicle, is unloaded and secured in a vehicle, or is concealed from view in a locked, unattended vehicle. Pursuant to RCW 9.41.050, no one may lawfully possess a loaded handgun in a vehicle unless the person has a valid concealed pistol permit.

Persons may bring dangerous weapons, other than firearms, onto school premises if the weapons are lawfully within the person’s possession and are to be used in a school-authorized martial arts class.

 

Personal Protection Spray

Persons over 18 years of age, and persons between 14 and 18 years of age with written parental or guardian permission, may possess personal protection spray devices on school property. No one under 18 years of age may deliver such devices. No one 18 years or older may deliver a spray device to anyone under 14, or to anyone between 14 and 18 who does not have parental permission.

Personal protection spray devices may not be used other than in self-defense as defined by state law. Possession, transmission or use of personal protection spray devices under any other circumstances is a violation of district policy.

 

Approved By: Greg Baker
Adopted/Previous Revisions: 11/06/12; 12/14/15
Adopted/Revised: 11/06/12; 03/15/13; 12/14/15; 09/12/16
Updated: 01/21/22
Superintendent or Board Approved: Superintendent Approved
Cross References: Content
 

4260 – Use of School Facilities

6112 – Rental or Lease of District Real Property

 

Legal References: Content
 

RCW 9A.16.020 Use of force – when lawful
RCW 9.41.250 Dangerous weapons—Penalty
RCW 9.41.280 Dangerous weapons on facilities—Penalty — Exceptions
RCW 9.91.160 Personal protection spray devices
RCW 9.94A.825 Deadly weapon special verdict–definition
RCW 28A.600.420 Firearms on school premises, transportation, or facilities — Penalty — Exemptions


Management Resources: Content
 

2019 – October Issue

2016 – July Issue

Policy News, August 2006 Weapons on School Premises

Policy News, August 1998 State Encourages Modification of Weapons Policy

Policy News, October 1997 Legislature also addresses “look-alike” firearms