Actions taken by staff in dealing with student use and abuse of alcohol and controlled illegal, addictive or harmful substances, including anabolic steroids, will have as their first concern the welfare of the student involved and the other students in the school. Although a helping relationship rather than an investigative and punitive approach will be emphasized, necessary and appropriate disciplinary action will be taken when laws or school regulations are violated. Law enforcement agencies will be called upon for investigative and consultative assistance where illegal drug or alcohol activity has occurred.
The prevention program will focus on classroom instruction, guidance services and the creation of a positive school climate.
This dimension of the prevention program will focus on:
- The effects of addictive substances such as alcohol, drugs and nicotine upon the body; and
- Skill development related to self-esteem, goal-setting, decision-making, conflict management, problem-solving, refusal and communication.
B. Guidance Services
Staff will meet with students, individually and in small groups, to supplement addictive substance prevention, instruction and skill development. Staff will also assist parents to maximize the prevention efforts of the school.
C. School Climate
A facilitative school environment can help students to achieve academically, socially and emotionally. The school will strive to be a place where:
- Students, staff and parents respect themselves and others;
- Individuals can be trusted to do what they say they will do;
- High morale is evident;
- Each person feels that they have a voice in the decisions that affect them;
- All feel that they are continuing to learn and grow;
- All value diversity and accept it as an opportunity for growth and development;
- All possess a “sense of belonging;” and
- All feel that they can make a difference to someone else.
To this end, the school will encourage the formation of “natural helper,” support team and any education and/or prevention promotions that increase the awareness of the effects of substance abuse. Student support groups will assist students concerned about their own substance abuse, students living in families suffering from substance abuse and students concerned about the substance abuse of someone else.
The goal of the intervention program will be to eliminate use of alcohol and the use and abuse of controlled, illegal, addictive or harmful substances including anabolic steroids abuse by students.
Ongoing professional development will be provided for district staff. Important aspects of professional development will include dimensions of the family illness and dynamics of the addiction process; enabling behaviors; intervention techniques; children in chemically dependent families; student experimentation, abuse and dependency; parental involvement and community resources; prevention issues and strategies; treatment and aftercare support; and implementation of the program into the classroom/building.
Staff roles for the intervention program are as follows:
A. Administrators, counselors, selected staff and nurses will meet regularly for the purpose of identifying any student who may be in need of assistance. Such staff will be sensitive to identifying symptoms of substance abuse.
Any suspected students will be referred to the support team, which consists of staff members who have exhibited a strong interest in attending to the needs of such students and who have received specialized training in substance abuse dependency.
B. The support team will meet regularly to review referrals; confer with students and, if warranted, counselors, administrators and/or parents/guardians; collect data; make recommendations for services; and maintain a confidential system of record keeping.
C. Students returning to school from a community inpatient or outpatient treatment program will be given aftercare support by the support team. Such students will receive support so that they may develop a strong bond with other students and the school. Primary aftercare responsibility for students returning from a community treatment program rests with the student, parent/guardian and community treatment program personnel. School staff, the student, parent/guardian and community treatment personnel will work cooperatively to facilitate the aftercare plan.
If a student appears at school or at a school-sponsored function demonstrating behavior that indicates that they may be under the influence of an addictive substance and/or admits to an administrator that they are under the influence of an addictive substance, the school will take the following action:
A. The parent/guardian will be notified to arrange for appropriate treatment.
B. If the student’s illegal use of addictive substances is confirmed, the school administration may request the assistance of a law enforcement official in investigating the source of the addictive substance.
C. Appropriate school disciplinary action will be taken.
If school authorities find a student in possession of addictive substances at school, the addictive substances will be confiscated and turned over to law enforcement officials for investigation and disposal. Appropriate school disciplinary action will be taken by a school administrator regardless of law enforcement action.
If a school administrator receives information concerning sales and use of addictive substances outside of school, the information will be reported to law enforcement officials for their investigation.